With warm and mild winters and summers as hot as you will find anywhere
in the United States, Alabama has one of the longest growing seasons in
the country – up to 300 days in the southern part of the state. Combined
with a climate prone to significant rainfall, Alabama is able to call a
huge variety of plants, trees and shrubs among its native flora.
Early spring throughout Alabama brings on bursts of color, as the state
is resplendent with the plethora of wildflowers and native flowering
plants that are found in Alabama. Popular spring flowers such as
rhododendron, azalea, and geranium spring early in Alabama and are found
in every part of the state. The Whippoorwill Flower, or the common
Trillium, is one of the most common forms of plant life in Alabama, and
you will often find other Trillium varieties throughout the state once
spring has begun. Aesculus pavea, also known as the red buckeye, is
another common Alabama plant, and important to the spring return to the
state of the ruby throated hummingbird.
Swampy areas around Alabama are home to a number of early summer plants.
Dwarf St. John’s Wort and Lizard’s Tail can be found near the banks of
the swamps and other bodies of water, as will Purple Loosestrife. The
trumpet vine, or “cow itch” plant, attaches itself to support structures
and will grow from early summer well into the mild Alabama fall. In the
higher reaches of the state, and along Alabama roadsides, you will find
Bee Balm and Black Eyed Susan.
Late summer brings forth some of the more dangerous plants known to be
native to Alabama. Water Hemlock, a close relative of Poison Hemlock, is
as dangerous if ingested as it’s aptly named poison cousin. The roots
are especially poisonous, but it is dangerous to ingest any part of the
plant. Kudzu, which is originally a plant from China, now blankets the
Alabama roadsides. Kudzu was originally brought to this area for
livestock feed and and to control erosion, but the deciduous vine
invades, kills trees, and is considered to be one of the worst weeds in
Alabama is home to a number of common trees in a variety of families.
You will find trees from the cedar, birch and maple families, as well as
specimens from the pine, dogwood, and gingko families. The British
settlers planted live oaks in Alabama as early as 1763.
Alabama is a state strong in ideas in terms of conservation. In addition
to the money raised at the state parks that is used to fund workshops
and programs to introduce the conservation ideas to people of all ages
in Alabama, they also are one of the few states in the country to come
under the Uniform Conservation Easement Act. This allows landowners
themselves to participate in conserving the native land and trees in the
state of Alabama by maintaining undeveloped portions of their property
in exchange for certain tax benefits. This gives a greater number of
people a hand in conserving the beautiful native flora in the state of