home to around 2, 470 indigenous plants. With a climate accommodating a
long growth period, even exotic flowers from other areas can be grown in
this state without too much worry.
In any case, a lot of the indigenous flowers in Arkansas can be
found throughout the state should it be their season to bloom. One of
these is the Bird’s Foot Violet which, from its name, bears violet
one-inch flowers that resemble a bird’s foot. They bloom from April to
May. Another is the Black-eyed Susan – also found in other states –
that grow on fields and roadsides. They have yellow rays and dark brown
disk flowers, everything reaching to two and a half inches in diameter.
This plant shows off its flowers from May to October.
Another May bloomer and also found statewide – although less in
the Delta region – is the Butterfly Weed which has orange or red
flowers. Together with this is the Carolina Larkspur which flowers from
May to July throughout the state’s woods, roadsides, slopes and other
areas. Along the roadside during these months, the Ohio Spiderwort and
the Showy Evening Primrose can also be found. The former bears bright
blue flowers while the latter shows off white or pink flowers with
Of a longer bloom lifespan, the Queen Anne’s Lace can be found in
fields and also along roadsides throughout the state from May until
frost sets in. This plant is actually also known as wild carrot, being
an ancestor of the cultivated carrot. For its ornamental value, though,
it has tiny flowers in tight umbels which may be white or sometimes
pinkish. Another wildflower growing statewide is the Wild Bergamot –
also known as the horsemint or bee balm – which flowers from June until
September. In addition, the Downy Phlox is also quite abundant all over
the state from April to July. It has pink flowers on hairy stalks.
The Pale Purple Coneflower, although abundant almost in the entire
state, is quite infrequent in the Delta region. This bears flowers with
rays that may be white, greenish-white, or pale reddish-purple. The
Plains Coreopsis, on the other hand, can be found in most of the state
except in most of the northern countries. This plant bears yellow and
Arkansas also has interesting flowers in some of its parts. The
Indian Paintbrush – otherwise known as the painted cup – is one. What
makes it interesting is that its uppermost leaves, or the bracts, are
more attractive than its actual flowers that are supported by spikes.
Most of these can be found on the Ozark Plateau, but they have not been
cultivated because they tend to encroach on the roots of other plants.
Other widely occurring wild flowers in Arkansas are the Goldenrod,
Mexican Hat, Ox-eye Daisy, Bush’s Purple Coneflower, Spider Lily, and
the American Basket-flower. The American Basket-flower which bears
lavender or pink flowers from May to August can be cultivated easily.
In the wild, it grows on prairies, pastures, and roadsides.