The Rocky Mountain Columbine which is scientifically known as Aquilegia
caerules is the official state flower of Colorado. Colorado blue
columbine is just one of the many indigenous flowers Colorado is proud
to have. You can also find other natives such as baby’s breath,
wallflower, bellflower, fleabane daisy, Indian paintbrush, sulfur flower
and rose pussytoes.
Indigenous flowers and other plants here in Colorado are protected
especially the official state flower. Uprooting these delicate flowers,
destroying and massive gathering of its stem buds and blossoms are
punishable by a particular law.
Colorado is a mountainous region and compared to other places you’ll
find in the United States, the climate here is distinctively complex
which makes it a popular site for mountain climbers.
A famous mountain climber by the name of Edwin James was the one who has
discovered the now official state flower of Colorado, the Rocky Mountain
Columbine. The delicate indigenous flower of Colorado, scientifically
named Aquilegia caerules was discovered in the year 1820 at Pike Peaks.
More than sixty years have passed before this indigenous flower of soft
blue, white and sometimes lavender in color was made and declared as the
state flower of Colorado. The declaration was made before a General
Assembly and the Aquilegia caerules or the Rock Mountain Columbine was
declared an official flower of the state on April 4, 1899.
The sizes of these particular indigenous flowers Colorado proudly
represents may differ in diameter. You can find them ranging from one
inches to three.
Colors of these fragile flowers appeals sensibly through the contrasting
shades of its petal and sepal fragments. Hues of white petals to be in
contrast with the sepal’s shade of soft to magnificent blue that
sometimes appear with the lovely shade of lilac.
Along pathways and branches, these indigenous flowers are naturally and
gracefully arranged. Hummingbirds are particularly drawn to Aquilegia
caerules because of its nectars. Other small birds such as the juncos
and the sparrows are known to feed on its seeds.
Species of Rocky Mountain Columbine vary differently in features. You
may find some Aquilegia caerules having double flowers with shorter
branches while others may have larger flower petals and longer stems.
The Rocky Mountain Columbine can grow up to three feet tall with spurs
either standing straight or spread. These indigenous flowers grow in
damp soil and shady areas. With beautifully nodding flowers, in its own
sense, this particular indigenous flower gives out a very dramatic
Existence of indigenous flowers Colorado are threatened by the same
factors and that’s invasion of the fauna and flora by the increasing
population of people and that is happening worldwide not only here in
But there are numerous environmentalist groups that are going the extra
mile to protect these indigenous flowers and other living things as
well. Over-collecting of indigenous flowers is one of the reasons that
bring their existence to rarity and extinction. Direct exploitation of
these indigenous flowers should be stopped to conserve the beautiful
creations of Mother Nature.
Indigenous flower Colorado
Rocky Mountain Columbine
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The climate in Colorado is distinctively complex compared to other states in
America. Located at the rocky mountain area of the continent, the state is
popular for mountain climbers. In fact, it was because of Edwin James, a famous
climber who discovered the delicate Aquilegia caerules or the Rocky Mountain
Columbine at Pikes Peaks in 1820. More than sixty years later, James’ discovery
of the soft blue and white native specie was declared to be the indigenous state
flower of Colorado. Sometimes white and lavender, the Columbine was officially
declared before a General Assembly to be the official state flower in April 4,
1899. Uprooting, digging, destroying, and massive gathering of buds, stems and
blossoms of this delicate plant is punishable by law.
As a tribute to the Rocky Mountain Columbine, A.J. Flynn wrote and composed a
song entitled “Where the Columbines Grow”. It was then adopted to be the
official song of the state in May 8, 1915 warming the hearts of the locals in
Colorado even up to this day. The flower growing lovelier and stronger, and
preserved up to this day has been equally memorable and symbolic to faculty,
staffs, parents and students of Columbine High School in memory of one historic
event in April.
The flower is one of those favourites for those who want to remember loved ones
and special moments in their lifetime. Always permanent and will thrive anywhere
in the lands of America, and in some parts of the world, the flowers grow well
in shady areas with damp soil. With enough water, these plants can endure under
hot temperature and extreme heat of the sun.
Sizes may differ from one to three inches in diameter. Colours vary from red,
orange, yellow and purple. The appealing sense of the fragile flowers is
enhanced through the contrasting shades of the petals and sepals. Their grace
and beauty can be most admired as they naturally arrange themselves on branches
or along the pathways.
Columbine flowers usually are full of nectar attracting hummingbirds
particularly. Small birds, like the sparrows and juncos feed on the seeds. Not
only can the Columbine flowers become an added attraction to your flower garden,
it will also attract songbirds to your front yards or back yards.
Different species vary in features. There are those that have shorter branches
with double flowers, while others have longer ones with larger flower petals.
Spurs either spread or are straight. The plant can grow as tall as three feet
with nodding flowers that makes it more dramatic in its own sense.
Rocky Mountain Columbines bloom abundantly during summer and early springs.
There are different kinds of species to choose from to make your gardens and
landscape more attractive, homey and memorable.