Indigenous Flowers of Tibet
Tibet is been considered as one of the highest region in the world as its
average elevation is about 4,500 meters. Tibet is quite often called as the Roof
of the World because this country is located in the Himalayas which is one of
the highest peaks in the world. With its excellent clear atmosphere, bright
sunlight, natural beauty, geographic features and metrologies and mysteries of
Tibetan culture. Tibet is also a great place for all the scientists, adventures
and nature lovers. Besides deserts and snowfields in the region one can also
find luxurious forests, bloomed meadows, beautiful lichen on trees and rocks and
also swamps with cranes.
The young geological and broad topological history of the region is in fact
unique and rich with the botanical kingdom that exists in the region. The nature
of this region has granted several beautiful wild flowers, most of these
precious flowers are widespread in the Himalayas and Tibetan region. These
flowers were produced in order adapt special environment of the region. This
region possesses around 6,000 different species of vascular plants which include
110 species of Gentiana, 120 species of Primula and 190 species of Rhododendron.
Calanthe metoensis, Mussaenda dicipiens, Omphalogramma tibeticium, Cypripedium
elegans and Paeonia ludlowli are some of the other rare plants found in Tibet.
Gentiana, a popular mountain plant is a type of flower that belongs to the
Gentianaceae family. This particular flower has trumpet-shaped deep blue colored
flowers, however may vary from yellow, creamy, red and white color. Primula, is
a type of flower which belongs to the Primulaceae family and include oxlip,
cowslip, primrose and auricular. These flowers are usually found in white, red,
pink, yellow and purple colors. Few of the Primula flowers are frequently know
as polyanthus. Rhododendron is a type of flower that belongs to the Ericaceae
family. These rhododendrons are actually referred to as the king of shrubs. The
spectacular spring flower of rhododendron makes one of the most famous garden
For several years Tibetans have adhered to environmental and spiritual values to
preserve the fragile stability of life across the high plateaus on which they
live. The Tibetan government passes strict laws to protect and preserve plant
life and wild life. Preserving the plant life generally contributed to the
know-how of ecosystem conservation and biodiversity science. The exploitation of
natural resources was carefully regulated and manufacturing & testing of weapons
was prohibited. The Tanaduk Institute of Tibet created a Tibetan Medical Plant
Conservation Program in the mid 70ís. The researchers of this institute started
botanical studies of those endangered plants. They also ensured the security of
several endangered botanicals and continued to encourage studies of endangered
plant cultivation & conversation and Tibetan medicines.
Several countries have implemented new laws in order to protect endangered
species or habitats for instance restricting land developments, stopping
deforestation and planting new trees. Even the increasing level of atmospheric
carbon dioxide is believed to worsen the capacity of several plants to survive
freezing. So, several researchers suggest that global warming may lead to extra
freezing in the near future. This particular pattern is actually dangerous for
all the plants as several species must become accustomed to cold. Getting
accustomed to the colder condition cam help these plants to withstand freezing,
but extraordinary warmth early on in the year averts this process.
Conservation of plants helps to maintain and enhance products valued by the
people of the region like animals, native plants and habitats.
Conservation actions even offer cultural advantages like opportunities for
appreciation of historic heritage and landscapes.
Natural areas and public conservation lands also contribute which are quite
often ignored products like clean and clear water supply, benefits of regulating
effects of erosion, climate change and flooding.
Together, the environmental benefits and products are in fact referred to as
which are underlain by ecological procedures like evolution, nutrient
cycling, pollination and soil formation.
The study of consumption, distribution and production of ecosystem services is
known as environmental economics.
Recently governments have more gradually analyzed ecosystem services as
principal assets which enhance and sustain human lives. And as a result, there
has been significant effort taken in charging ecosystem services across the
region in order to promote efficient usage of ecosystem services.