In Illinois, there are eight recognized species of blue-violet colored
Violet. Gleason and Cronquist recognized it too late when the law
designated it as its state flower. According to the declaration, the
official state flower of Illinois is the “blue violet”. With the many
varieties of the blue violet, there’s plenty of confusion on which
particular specie of blue violet will be the rightful owner of the State
Flower of Illinois title.
Blue violets are indigenous flowers Illinois. The most common of this
particular specie is the Viola sororia or the “dooryard violet”. It is
considered as one of the most recognizable indigenous wildflowers found
in the state of Illinois and one of the easily grown as well. This
particular flowering plant grows either in deep shade or in full
Most types of blue violet produce flowers of two kinds and that includes
the “dooryard violet”. Common during the spring are the large showy
blossoms and after these flowers’ bloom in full, the plant will now bear
closed flowers smaller in size near the ground supported by short stems.
Similar to small buds, these small closed blossoms are the ones that
produce most of the seeds.
The petals of showy “blue violets” are edible. There are times when
these petals are covered sugar making it useful for culinary purposes.
Blue violet petals are often used as cake decorations, salad ingredient,
stuffing for fish or poultry. Essence of Viola flowers are used to
flavor Soufflés and other deserts. The young leaves of this indigenous
flowering plant are edible as well, somewhat considered as a bland leaf
Known as the “Common Blue Violet” or the Viola sororia as mentioned
earlier is also the state flower of New Jersey and Rhode Island.
One of the common violas known in certain parts of Illinois is the Sweet
Violet or Viola odorata. Sweet Violet is derived from the flower’s sweet
scent, thus having it named after it. While Dog Violets are groups of
odorless “blue violets”. Many areas in Illinois are populated with Dog
Violets. It belongs to the genus that includes the many blossoms species
that carry the same “violet” word on its name. Some of the species of
these particular indigenous flowers are known as the Yellow Pansies
found in the Pacific coasts.
Species of Viola have features of scalloped heart-shaped leaves. Other
types have palmate leaves and some have other sizes and shapes. Viola’s
vast majority are herbaceous, most species are. However, there are
substantial numbers species as well that are considered to be
acaulescent in habit. These types have its flowers produced on the
leaf’s axils supported by short stems and others are without noticeable
stems at all.
Cultivar varieties of viola have developed a breeding of flowers with
large round petals and different novel coloration. Vast majorities of
Viola blossoms are formations of five petals which is basically very
distinctive in form. Viola flowers feature four fan-shaped or upswept
petals affront with two petals found in each side and one broader petal
that’s lobed lower as if pointing downward.
TO PLACE AN ORDER USE OUR SECURE SHOPPING CART OR
CALL US AT:
1-618-632-7441 O'fallon, Il.
1-618-235-7441 Belleville, Il
1-800-944-7441 Toll Free
La Rosa's Flowers
114 East State Street
P.O Box 518 (Mail)
O'Fallon, IL 62269
Photographs, distribution maps, and detailed descriptions of many
species by John
Florist in Springfield with delivery to Chatham Rochester and
Complete list and information: State symbols and emblems, including
flag and the state seal.
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