Indigenous to all of Kentucky is the
wildflower that features golden plumes known as the Goldenrod,
scientifically named as Solidago altissima. Goldenrods are indigenous
flowers Kentucky and out of the hundred species of this particular herb
plant, 30 of Goldenrod species are found here in the state of Kentucky.
Goldenrods vary widely in species but they are recognized very easy
because of their golden yellow inflorescence colors. The flowers of
goldenrods are made of small capitula by the hundreds. Some of these
capitula have auxiliary racemes and some are rather spike-like. These
plants can grow from 60 cm up to 1.5 m in length with hairless and
Before the Goldenrod, there were two other flowers that claimed the
state flower title however, unofficially so it was. The unofficial state
flower of Kentucky during the 1900s is the Trumpet vine. The United
States War Department even made it as Kentucky’s official symbol for its
militia unit. Aside from the Trumpet vine, there was also the Bluegrass.
However, during the year 1921, things change. Federation of Women’s Club
in Kentucky started promoting Goldenrod as the rightful representative
of America’s Bluegrass State. This was argued upon tremendously for this
particular flower was already designated as California’s state flower
and Trumpet vine has already made it’s mark by being the official symbol
of the state’s militia.
Arguments were made and people who are promoting Goldenrod to be
Kentucky’s state flower argued that this particular indigenous flowering
herb plant grows almost everywhere across the state and in fact it was
adopted in 1918 as an element of the Kentucky state flag.
With the support of Kentucky’s people, Goldenrod was named as the
official state flower under a Senate Resolution on May 16, 1926. The
Goldenrod was declared as widespread and one of the most common
wildflowers found in Kentucky and In America as well.
Unfortunately, there are confusions with the variety of Goldenrod that
was intended to be the official state flower. The act mentions “probably
Solidago patula” naming this particular variety as the one. However, a
web site of Libraries and Archives of the Kentucky Department names a
different variety of Kentucky’s State Flower and that’s the Solidago
gigantea. The statute or the act that declares the Goldenrod as
Kentucky’s indigenous state flower did not particularly indicated the
specific variety of Goldenrod to be the state’s state flower.
Because of being criticized as a very common weed widespread in most
states of America, there were attempts made to replace this particular
flower as Kentucky’s state flower. Bluegrass was promoted to be restored
as its official state flower. It was successful and it did win in the
Kentucky House but unfortunately, proponents of the bluegrass
restoration were defeated in the Senate.
The threats on Goldenrod as Kentucky’s state flower didn’t stop there.
Redbud and Dogwood blossoms gained popularity to replace the current
state flower during the late 1940’s up to early 1950’s. Again, the House
approved the redbud but failed and got defeated in the Senate in the