Indigenous Flowers and
Wildflowers of Missouri
Among the 75 species of Hawthorn, the blossom of the White Hawthorn Blossom was
the one chosen to represent Missouri as the state’s floral emblem. The White
Hawthorn Blossom commonly called as the wild or red haw blossom was named as
Missouri’s State Flower on March 16, 1923. It was the 52nd General Assembly
legislation convened at Jefferson City which adopted the Hawthorn blossom as the
state’s floral emblem. The legislature act was signed by Governor Cameron
However, there was no specific variety or specie named named by the said
legislation. As of today, the recognized state flower of Missouri is the White
Hawthorn Blossom that is very common in the south of the state. But the
Department of Conservation in Missouri asserts that the Crataegus mollis or the
downy hawthorn is the particular specie that deserves the rightful recognition.
The issue was put to rest when the Revised Statutes of Missouri provided an
excerpted information stating that the blossom of the Hawthorn tree
scientifically known as the Crataegus shall be recognized as the floral emblem
of Missouri. It also stated that the department of agriculture of the state
acknowledge and encourage White Hawthorn cultivation on account of the specie’s
beautiful foliage, fruit and especially its flower nonetheless.
White Hawthorn Blossoms are flowers of exquisite beauty that blossoms in May.
During this month, the hawthorn blossoms are at its most prominent times. Which
results to its most popular vernacular name as the May-tree. Hawthorn blossoms
are associated with many festivities during the month of May.
The flower of Hawthorn are presented in white, creamy, pink and lavender colors.
One of the characteristics of Hawthorn blossoms is their showy petal features.
The same goes with its fruits that grows not less than five inches in length.
The red-colored fruits of Hawthorn are round and fleshy, attracting varieties of
different birds. The tree of Hawthorn blossoms grows moderately that can measure
from 20 to 25 feet. Its spread can reach from 15 up to 25 feet. Foliage is quite
deciduous with oval leaves that grows up to 2 inches in length.
Other than the blossoms of the White Hawthorn, Missouri is proud to have
different varieties of indigenous wildflowers as well. You can find these
beautiful and untamed species of multi-colored wildflowers gracing the praries
and woodlands of the “Show Me State”. These native wildflowers are protected and
valued by Missourians.
Some of these indigenous wildflowers are now popular flowers you’ll see in most
home gardens found in Missouri. These wildflowers vary from their different
habitat preferences. Some thrives on sunny, open habitats and some lives on
partially shaded habitats.
All of these wildflowers you’ll see blooming from the month of May all
throughtout October. Varieties of wildflowers that are out in the open bathing
in the sun are the Tickseed Coreopsis, New England Aster, Smooth Beard-Tongue,
Purple Prairie Clover, Grayhead Coneflower, Missouri Coneflower, Butterfly Weed,
Button Snakeroot and the Missouri Primrose.
Partially shaded wildflowers are the Lobelia cardinalis or the Cardinal flower,
the Columbine and the Purple Conflower. These palnts can tolerate the sun and
live partially shaded in average type soils.