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Indigenous flowers Tennessee

The iris serves as Tennessee’s indigenous flower. It was declared to be the State’s official flower by legislature in 1933. Today, there are different varieties of this Tenessee indigenous flower, however, it is commonly accepted that the purple iris is the one being referred to by the legislature.

The name “iris” comes from the Greek goddess of the rainbow, in reference to the showy colors of this Tennessee indigenous flower’s blossoms. The iris can be very aesthetically pleasing, especially in full bloom. Because of this, a lot of people interested in ornamental horticulture have cultivated the irises.

If you are planning to cultivate irises, you might like to know that different varieties are grown using different means. Most are grown either using bulbs or creeping rhizomes. This means that you can pick the planting method that’s most convenient for you.

Irises are perennial herbs. This means that they die during the winter and grow back during the spring. They actually use their rootstock to grow back, rather than seeds. This means that if you manage to plant irises, you will be able to enjoy them blossoming for a long time.

The most common variety of this Tennessee indigenous flower that’s grown in gardens is the bearded German iris. This is because of the fact that they are pretty easy to cultivate. They are also easy to propagate, which means that someone who plants one iris plant will be able to expect more in the following seasons.

The current “holy grail” of irises today is a true red, tall, bearded variety. Many people have tried and failed to produce a hybrid which exhibits these qualities of the Tennessee indigenous flower. Oh, there are species which have exhibited the pure red color. However, it has been observed that getting the same color into modern iris breeds is a very difficult task.

If you plan on cultivating irises, you need to know the difference between planting a rhizome and a bulb. When it comes to the Tennessee indigenous flower, the rhizomes have to be planted in September or October. You need particularly sunny positions for the iris to thrive.

If you are planting the irises using bulbs, this Tennessee indigenous flower will thrive in well-drained, porous soil. This means that you cannot plant the bulbs in clay. They should also be located in a spot where they can get lots of sunshine. During the winter, the plants should be protected using a covering of half-decayed leaves.

There are some uses of this Tennessee indigenous flower which you might not know about. One of the most common is perfumery. The first fact that might surprise you is that the rhizome, and not the flower, is used in making perfumes. The dried and aged rhizome is oxidized in order to yield a very valuable component of perfumes called iris butter.

Native plant recommendations

K
E
Y

 LIGHT

F = full sunlight
P = partial shade
S = shade

 SOIL MOISTURE

H = hydric; wet, plants periodically or often inundated by water
M = mesic; moist, adequate soil moisture retention year-round
S = sub-xeric; moist to dry, seasonally moist, periodically dry
X = xeric; dry & drought resistant, little moisture retention, excessively drained

 SOIL pH

B = basic; prefers limestone
A = acidic; prefers acidic soils
* = restricted to either B or A

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

LIGHT

MOISTURE

SOIL pH

 


 

SHRUBS

 

         

alder

Alnus serrulata

F, P

H, M

B, A

 

indigobush

Amorpha fruticosa

F, P

M, S, X

B, A

 

black chokecherry

Aronia melanocarpa

F, P

H, M, S, X

A

 

sweetshrub

Calycanthus floridus

P

H, S

A

 

American beautyberry

Callicarpa americana

F, P

H, M, S, X

B, A

 

New Jersey tea

Ceanothus americanus

P, S

M, S, X

A*

 

buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis

F, P

H

B, A

 

silky dogwood

Cornus amomum

F, P

H, M

B, A

 

hazelnut

Corylus americana

F, P, S

M, S

B, A

 

leatherwood

Dirca palustris

F, P, S

M

B, A

 

hearts-a-bustin

Euonymus americana

P, S

M,H

B, A

 

oakleaf hydrangea

Hydrangea quercifolia

F, P, S

M, S

B, A

 

wild hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens

P, S

M, X

B, A

 

golden St. John's wort

Hypericum frondosum

F, P

M, X

B*

 

shrubby St. John's wort

Hypericum prolificum

F, P

H, M, S, X

B, A

 

common winterberry

Ilex verticillata

F, P, S

H, M

A

 

Virginia-willow

Itea virginica

F, P, S

H, M

B, A

 

mountain laurel

Kalmia latifolia

F, P

S, X

A*

 

spicebush

Lindera benzoin

F, P

M

B, A

 

ninebark

Physocarpus apulifolius

F, P

H, M, X

B, A

 

wild azalea

Rhododendron canescens

P, S

M, S

A*

 

fragrant sumac

Rhus aromatica

F, P

S, X

B*

 

winged sumac

Rhus copallina

F, P

S, X

B, A

 

Carolina rose

Rosa carolina

F, P

M, S

B

 

swamp rose

Rosa palustris

F, P

H, M

B, A

 

prairie rose

Rosa setigera

F, P

M, S, X

B, A

 

elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

F, P, S

M

B

 

bladdernut

Staphlea trifolia

P, S

M, S

B

 

bigleaf snowbell

Styrax grandifolia

F, P, S

M, S

A

 

coralberry

Symphoricarpus orbiculatus

F, P, S

M, S, X

B, A

 

farkleberry

Vaccinium arboreum

F, P

S, X

A*

 

deerberry

Vaccinium stamineum

F, P

M, S, X

A*

 

lowbush blueberry

Vaccinium vacillans

F, P

S, X

A*

 

mapleleaf viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium

P, S

M, S, X

A

 

         

  GRASSES

 

 

 

 

 

         

big bluestem

Andropogon gerardii

 

 

 

 

little bluestem

Andropogon scoparius

 

 

 

 

broomsedge

Andropogon virginicus

 

 

 

 

river cane

Arundinaria gigantea

 

 

 

 

river oats

Chasmanthium latifolium

 

 

 

 

Canada wild rye

Elymus canadensis

 

 

 

 

bottlebrush grass

Hystrix patula

 

 

 

 

switchgrass

Panicum virgatum

 

 

 

 

Indian grass

Sorghastrum nutans

 

 

 

 

         

FLOWERS

 

 

 

 

 

         

doll's eyes

Actaea alba

 

 

 

 

thimbleweed

Anemone virginiana

 

 

 

 

wild columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

 

 

 

 

wild ginger

Asarum canadense

 

 

 

 

butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa

 

 

 

 

swamp milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

 

 

 

 

New England aster

Aster novae-angliae

 

 

 

 

bushy aster

Aster dumosus

 

 

 

 

fall blue aster

Aster patens

 

 

 

 

blue false indigo

Baptisia australis

 

 

 

 

tall bellflower

Campanula americana

 

 

 

 

coreopsis

Coreopssi major

 

 

 

 

shooting star

Dodecatheon meadia

 

 

 

 

Joe-Pye weed

Eupatorium fistulosum

 

 

 

 

mistflower

Eupatorium coelestinum

 

 

 

 

wild geranium

Geranium maculatum

 

 

 

 

woods sunflower

Helianthus divaricatus

 

 

 

 

small-headed sunflower

Helianthus microcephalus

 

 

 

 

liverleaf

Hepatica acutiloba

 

 

 

 

alumroot

Heuchera americana

 

 

 

 

jewelweed

Impatiens pallida

 

 

 

 

spotted jewelweed

Impatiens capensis

 

 

 

 

dwarf crested iris

Iris cristata

 

 

 

 

cardinal flower

Lobelia cardinalis

 

 

 

 

great blue lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica

 

 

 

 

Virginia bluebells

Mertensia virginica

 

 

 

 

partridge berry

Mitchella repens

 

 

 

 

bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

 

 

 

 

prickly pear

Opuntia fistulosa

 

 

 

 

Appalachian pachysandra

Pachysandra procumbens

 

 

 

 

wild blue phlox

Phlox divaricata

 

 

 

 

beard tongue

Penstemon calycosus

 

 

 

 

Jacob's ladder

Polemonium reptans

 

 

 

 

pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

 

 

 

 

Solomon's seal

Polygonatum biflorum

 

 

 

 

wild petunia

Ruellia humilis

 

 

 

 

fire pink

Silene virginica

 

 

 

Indian pink

Spigelia marilandica

 

 

 

 

         

  FERNS

 

 

 

 

 

         

lady fern

Athyrium felix-femina

 

 

 

 

sensitive fern

Onoclea sensibilis

 

 

 

 

cinnamon fern

Osnumda cinnamomea

 

 

 

 

chain fern

Woodwardia areolata

 

 

 

 

maidenhair fern

Adiantum pedatum

 

 

 

 

ebony spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron

 

 

 

 

Christmas fern

Polystichum acrostichoides

 

 

 

 

common grape fern

Botrychium dissectum

 

 

 

 

broad beech fern

Phegopteris hexagonaptera

 

 

 

 

common woodsia

Woodsia obtusa

 

 

 

 

         

MOSAIC FOR FULL SUN

 

 

 

 

 

         

little bluestem

Andropogon scoparius

 

 

 

 

big bluestem

Andropogon gerardii

 

 

 

 

Indian grass

Sorghastum nutans

 

 

 

 

Canada wild rye

Elymus canadensis

 

 

 

 

grey-headed coneflower

Ratibida pinnata

 

 

 

 

blackeyed susan

Rudbeckia hirta & triloba

 

 

 

 

New England aster

Aster novae-angliae

 

 

 

 

bushy aster

Aster dumosus

 

 

 

 

butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa

 

 

 

 

blue false indigo

Baptisia australis

 

 

 

 

rose vervain

Verbena canadensis

 

 

 

 

Joe-Pye weed

Eupatorium fistulosum

 

 

 

 

wild bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

 

 

 

 

ironweed

Vernonia altissima

 

 

 

 

shooting star

Dodecatheon meadia

 

 

 

 

         

MOSAIC FOR SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

         

thimbleweed

Anemone virginiana

 

 

 

 

wild ginger

Asarum canadense

 

 

 

 

ebony spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron

 

 

 

 

shooting star

Dodecatheon meadia

 

 

 

 

alumroot

Heuchera americana

 

 

 

 

Appalachian pachysandra

Pachysandra procumbens

 

 

 

 

Christmas fern

Polystichum acrostichoides

 

 

 

 

broad beech fern

Phegopteris hexagonaptera

 

 

 

 

golden ragwort

Senecio glabellus

 

 

 

 

foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia

 

 

 

 

spiderwort

Tradescantia virginiana

 

 

 

 

long-spurred violet

Viola rostrata

 

 

 

 

common woodsia

Woodsia obtusa

 

links

Pugh's Flowers - Memphis, TN

Category: Shopping > Flowers > ... > North America > United States > Tennessee
Florist with online catalog and several shop locations.
www.pughs.com/

Gatlinburg Tennessee Florist Cupids Petals Flowers for Weddings ...

Category: Regional > North America > ... > Business and Economy > Shopping
Providing floral arrangements for weddings, anniversaries, and banquets.
Wedding planning and coordinating also available.
www.cupidspetals.com/

Shop for Flowers and Gifts from your Teleflora Florist in ...

Category: Regional > North America > ... > Shopping > Flowers and Gifts
A full service florist serving the local area with daily delivery.
www.thebellevueflorist.com/

Clinton Florist :: Oak Ridge Florist :: Clinton Flower Shop, TN

Category: Shopping > Flowers > ... > North America > United States > Tennessee
Provides delivery of floral arrangements, plants and gifts to Oak Ridge, Clinton,
Lake City, Norris and Andersonville and offers relay of orders nationwide.
www.knightsflowers.com/

Shop for Flowers and Gifts from your Teleflora Florist in Bristol, TN

Category: Regional > North America > ... > B > Bristol > Business and Economy
Information about the business, delivery area, hours, and other topics.
www.mistysflorist.com/

Rebel Hill Florist- Tennessee (TN)- Nashville Florist- Nashville ...

Category: Regional > North America > ... > Shopping > Flowers and Gifts
Local florist offers online ordering. Includes information about delivery fees
and service areas.
www.rebelhillflorist.com/

Pigeon Forge, TN - Florist, Flowers, Flower Delivery, Send Flowers ...

Category: Regional > North America > ... > Business and Economy > Shopping
Provides information on standard arrangements and delivery policy and prices.
www.backhomeflorist.com/

 

 

 

 

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